Lao Tze (Tzu) met Spinoza vergeleken

Je leest wel vaker over de overeenkomst die er zou zijn (of lijken) tussen Spinoza en vormen van Oosterse filosofie. Filosofe Marietta McCarty heeft het blog Life Saving Philosophy op Psychology Today. Eergisteren beschreef ze daarop de gelijkenis die ze ervaart tussen Spinoza en Lao Tzu. Het intrigeert me wel, maar ik ben er nog niet aan toe om zelf zo’n Oosterse expeditie te maken. Intussen vind ik het wel aardig om deze korte typering hier door te geven.

 

One of the most fascinating likenesses for me is that between Lao Tzu from long ago China and Baruch Spinoza from 17th century Amsterdam. At first glance their views of reality could not be more different. Lao Tzu's intuitive approach, sprinkled by mysticism, defies rational analysis: "The Tao that can be understood is not the real Tao" (Tao Te Ching). Spinoza serves as the philosophical model for deductive reasoning, his Ethics reading much like a geometry text with its axioms and proofs, yet his conclusion matches Lao Tzu's belief in one underlying source from which everything springs. Spinoza deduces that nature is but one substance with an infinite variety of manifestations: "Matter is everywhere the same," he claims, differing only in appearance. Lao Tzu senses that "Each separate thing in the universe returns to the common source." My excitement at the realization of the philosophers' similarities came only after much study of them separately: they took completely different paths and arrived at the same vision! Both paint a picture of reality that speaks to an abiding unity, a common ground that gives rise to everything. It is no surprise, then, that likeness permeates the world. But what a surprise to uncover this sameness, over and over, under and above! [Hier]

Marietta McCartyMarietta McCarty is a Phi Beta Kappa, Summa Cum Laude graduate in philosophy from Hollins College. She received her Master's degree in philosophy from the University of Virginia. Marietta's conviction that a fulfilling, contented life stems from vigor and clarity of mind drew her to her vocation in philosophy. That an open, inquisitive mind enlarges the capacity of the heart and breeds peace ensures that she will keep her shingle out.

Marietta McCarty is the author of  Nautilus Book Award winner How Philosophy Can Save Your Life: 10 Ideas That Matter Most and National Bestseller Little Big Minds: Sharing Philosophy With Kids. Having been Assistant Professor of Philosophy since 1988 at Piedmont Virginia Community College in Charlottesville, Virginia, her teaching now revolves around her books. She hosts workshops, gives talks, teaches classes, and delights in joining philosophy circles of all age.

 

Reacties

Een interessant artikel (Spinoza and Lao Tzu - Fu Pei-Jung) over de overeenkomsten tussen de Tao Te Ching en de Ethica is hier te vinden: http://www.crvp.org/book/Series03/III-4/chapter_v.htm

Voor de voetnoten zul je even de preview op Google Books moeten raadplegen van Morality, metaphysics and Chinese culture - Vincent Shen and Van Doan Tran (eds.)

Dank voor de tip, Hugo Schotman.
Grappig is dat morgen precies een jaar geleden diezelfde link werd gegeven door Arie Pos op het blog over "Bestudeerde Spinoza het werk van Confucius?"

http://spinoza.blogse.nl/log/bestudeerde-spinoza-het-werk-van-confucius.html

Ah, had ik over het hoofd gezien! Heb wel gezocht naar blogs op jouw site over Lao Tzu, maar had deze niet gevonden. Lijkt mij overigens niet nodig voor de overeenkomsten tussen Spinoza en enkele oosterese denkers aan te voeren dat Spinoza van hun teksten op de hoogte moet zijn geweest: Het zou toch mogelijk moeten zijn vanuit verschillende achtergronden tot dezelfde inzichten te kunnen komen. Complimenten voor je blog!