Signalement van twee Zweedse essays over Spinoza

Wat ik tegenkwam...
In een bundel essays die verscheen aan de Södertörn University in Zweden zaten er twee waarin het over Spinoza ging. Reden genoeg om dat hier te signaleren. Aanvankelijk vond ik wel aardig dat er aan het Spinozisme van de Spaanse filosofe María Zambrano [cf.
dit blog]  aandacht werd besteed, maar inhoudelijk viel dat stuk me nogal tegen. Er zou heel wat in te brengen zijn tegen met name dat tweede artikel, maar daar begin ik niet aan en laat het bij een signalement - voor wie het aanbelangt.

 

Jonna Bornemark & Hans Ruin (Eds.), Ambiguity of the Sacred. Phenomenology, Politics, Aesthetics. Södertörn Philosophical Studies, 2012 – PDF. Cover image: Helen Schmitz, from the series “Sunken gardens”. Daarin deze twee Spinoza-essays:

FREDRIKA SPINDLER, "An Unresolved Ambiguity. Politics, Religion, Passion in Hobbes and Spinoza," p. 109

[Uit de introductie] She shows that both Spinoza and Hobbes understand religion as a purely human phenomenon, but argues that it nevertheless plays an important role within politics. Both argue for a separation between religion and politics. However, where Hobbes reduces the role of religion to issues of domination, Spinoza leaves open a space for a reflection not only on how religiosity plays a role in the political, but also for its possible potential with respect to knowledge, since the source of religion lies in imperfect human knowledge. Both Hobbes and Spinoza understand religion as a strong social force and argue that political authority must necessarily use this ideological material for its own benefit. But Spindler shows how Spinoza’s analysis is more sophisticated. As opposed to Hobbes, Spinoza claims that it is impossible for the state to rule over opinions and convictions and that any legislation countering the desires of the multitude with too much violence will be overthrown and thus invalidated.

KAROLINA ENQUIST KÄLLGREN, "Religion and a Critique of the Concept of Materialism." A Commentary to Fredrika Spindler’s Paper on the Ambiguity of Religion in Spinoza. P.125 

[Uit de introductie] Karolina Enqvist, in her commentary, embraces Spindler’s attempts to read Spinoza as a political thinker. She continues this line of thought through a reading of two Spanish philosophers, María Zambrano and Vidal Peña García, and their works on Spinoza. Enqvist emphasizes the impossibility of perfect knowledge in Spinoza, which opens up for an irrational thinking as the way to best “preserve in being,” and that this is where questions of religion, thinking, and materialism coincide. In this way Enqvist wants to radicalize Spinoza’s position, as one where his whole project becomes religion.