Spinoza in Paradoxes of Religious Toleration in Early Modern Political Thought

Een review heden op NDPR door Michael W. Hickson (Santa Clara University) bracht mij op dit boek. Uit die bespreking neem ik zodadelijk enige passages over. Het gaat om:

 

John Christian Laursen, María José Villaverde (Eds.), Paradoxes of Religious Toleration in Early Modern Political Thought. Lexington Books, 2012
[books.google]

De inhoudsopgave (zie hierna) laat bekende namen zien.

Citaten uit de recensie van Michael W. Hickson:

 

"[I]n "Spinoza's Paradoxes," María José Villaverde argues that Spinoza's toleration extended to people of any "beliefs no matter what faith or ideas they professed" (31). Villaverde also argues that Spinoza was a pantheist who was interested in alchemy. This essay will therefore interest expert historians in the thick of debates about Spinoza's attitude toward organized religion, his possible atheism, his relation to the scientific community, and the reception of his numerous controversial works. But the "Paradoxes" of the title bear little resemblance to the sort of thing with which I began this review or with which the editors begin their introduction. The paradoxes are instead the usual interpretive difficulties encountered by historians while reading Spinoza on a variety of subjects, including freedom of thought and expression."

[...]

"Compared to these essays, there is a greater appearance of a paradox of toleration in John Christian Laursen's "Spinoza on Lying for Toleration and His Intolerance of Atheists." He offers "an exploration of the relevance for the theory of toleration of strategies for obtaining toleration by lying" (39). Laursen reflects on the possible merits and pitfalls of obtaining toleration by dishonest means by focusing on Spinoza's seven dogmas in chapter 14 of the Tractatus Theologico-Politicus, possibly intended by Spinoza as the necessary conditions for any sect's deserving religious toleration. He considers whether Spinoza himself may have been lying in offering this creed as a statement of his own beliefs, and whether he was urging atheists to lie about believing this minimal religious creed when he left wide open the possible interpretations one could give of the seven dogmas. Laursen's essay is full of puzzles: is it wrong to achieve toleration through dishonesty? more generally, when is dishonesty a good political strategy? The chapter ends with a section comparing Spinoza to contemporary authors who have reflected on the value of public lying." [Van NDPR]

Zie ook Review van Michael W. Hickson (Santa Clara University)

Table Of Content

Introduction: Paradoxes of Toleration in Early Modern Political Thought
John Christian Laursen and María José Villaverde
Chapter 1: Spinoza's Paradoxes: An Atheist who Defended the Scriptures? A Freethinking Alchemist?
María José Villaverde
Chapter 2: Spinoza on Lying for Toleration and his Intolerance of Atheists
John Christian Laursen
Chapter 3: Jansenist Fears and Huguenot Polemics: Arnauld, Jurieu, and Bayle on Obedience and Toleration
Luisa Simonutti
Chapter 4: ‘The general freedom, which all men enjoy’ in a Confessional State: The Paradoxical Language of Politics in the Dutch Republic (1700-1750)
Henri Krop
Chapter 5: A Leibnizian Way to Tolerance: Between Ethical Universalism and Linguistic Diversity
Concha Roldán
Chapter 6: Toleration in China and Siam in Late Seventeenth Century European Travel Literature
Rolando Minuti
Chapter 7: Toleration in Denis Veiras’s Theocracy
Cyrus Masroori
Chapter 8: David Hume on Religious Tolerance
Gerardo López Sastre
Chapter 9: Rousseau, A False Apostle of Tolerance
María José Villaverde
Chapter 10: Intolerance of Fanatics in Bayle, Hume, and Kant
John Christian Laursen
Chapter 11: Tolerance and Intolerance in the Writings of the French Antiphilosophes (1750-1789)
Jonathan Israel
Chapter 12: Immanuel Kant: Tolerance Seen As Respect
Joaquín Abellán

Toevoeging

Zoals blijkt uit de reactie van Wim Klever, ging aan dit boek een Spaanse editie vooraf: Forjadores De La Tolerancia. Ed. María José Villaverde Rico & John Christian Laursen. Madrid, España: Tecnos, 2011

[b.v. hier]

Reacties

Van dit boek, Stan, bezit ik de oorspronkelijke Spaanse uitgava o.d.t. FORJADORES DE LA TOLERANCIA (Tecnos 2011), met bijna dezelfde inhoud. Twee hoofdstukken zijn in de Engelstalige versie weggelaten. Ik was en ben enthousiast over de twee excellente bijdragen van de originele Villaverde hierin, matig en deels kritisch over Larsen en Simonutti, erg kritisch over het slaapverwekkende relaas van Krop. Maria Jose Villaverde citeert diverse malen mijn Helvetius-artikel en is ook - anders dan ongeinteresseerde landgenoten - overtuigd van de beslissende en determinerende invloed van Van den Enden op Spinoza's politieke theorie. Zij heeft mij uitgenodigd om op de Complutense (universiteit van Madrid) in haar instituut te komen spreken over de radicale FvdE, een eer die ik hier te lande nog niet heb mogen genieten.

Dat dit boek oorspronkelijk een Spaanse uitgave was, wordt zoals te zien is bij books.google, niet op de colofon-pagina van deze uitgave vermeld. Merkwaardig is dat.
Naar aanleiding van jouw reactie, Wim, voeg ik de Spaanse cover aan het blog toe.